A stratified flow model of film condensation in helically grooved, horizontal microfin tubes has been developed. The height of stratified condensate was estimated by extending the Taitel and Dukler model for a smooth tube to a microfin tube. For the upper part of the tube exposed to the vapor flow, laminar film condensation due to the combined effects of gravity and surface tension forces was assumed. For the lower part of the tube exposed to the stratified condensate flow, the heat transfer coefficient was estimated by an empirical equation for the internally finned tubes developed by Carnavos. The theoretical predictions of the circumferential average heat transfer coefficient by the present model and previously proposed annular flow model were compared with available experimental data for five tubes and five refrigerants. It was shown that the stratified flow model was applicable to wide ranges of mass velocity and quality as long as the vapor to liquid density ratio was larger than 0.05. Comparison was also made with the predictions of previously proposed empirical equations.
A Theoretical Study of Film Condensation in Horizontal Microfin Tubes
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division November 27, 2000; revision received August 14, 2001. Associate Editor: V. P. Carey.
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Honda, H., Wang, H., and Nozu, S. (August 14, 2001). "A Theoretical Study of Film Condensation in Horizontal Microfin Tubes ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2002; 124(1): 94–101. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1421048
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