Three-dimensional simulations of laminar separated and reattached flow and heat transfer over a blunt flat plate in a square channel are presented. Numerical calculations of Navier-Stokes equations and energy equation are carried out using the finite difference method. Results of three-dimensional calculation are compared with two-dimensional ones and effects of the side walls are described. It is clarified from the present results that the reattachment length increases with an increase of Reynolds number and the flow in the recirculation region becomes three-dimensional. The reattachment line is curved by the side wall effects. Two-dimensionality of the flow is reduced as Reynolds number increases. The horseshoe-vortex formed near the side walls has great effects upon the heat transfer in the redeveloping flow region. The separated shear layer around the center of plate becomes unstable with a further increase of Reynolds number and the vortices are periodically shed from the reattachment flow region. Such vortices exhibit a hairpin-like structure and greatly influence the heat transfer.
Numerical Simulation of Laminar Flow and Heat Transfer Over a Blunt Flat Plate in Square Channel
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division November 15, 1999; revision received August 21, 2001. Associate Editor: R. Douglass.
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Yanaoka, H., Yoshikawa, H., and Ota, T. (August 21, 2001). "Numerical Simulation of Laminar Flow and Heat Transfer Over a Blunt Flat Plate in Square Channel ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2002; 124(1): 8–16. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1420715
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