Experimentation was conducted to examine the heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics in a rib-roughened rectangular passage with aspect ratio 2:1 for four rib configurations: 90 deg, 75 deg, 60 deg and 45 deg oblique ribs. The ribs were attached to two opposing long side walls instead of short side walls. In this study the oblique ribs were intended to function as secondary flow inducers as well as turbulators to improve the heat transfer of the bottom wall (one of the short side walls). The results revealed that, in order to enhance the heat transfer of the bottom wall, the oblique ribs should be arranged so that the secondary flow along the ribs hits the top wall instead of the bottom wall. Flow visualization test was performed to understand the heat transfer mechanisms. It was confirmed that the heat transfer enhancement at the bottom wall was attributed to the rib-induced secondary flow where the flow along the ribs hit the top wall, turned back and carried cold air from the passage core region towards the bottom wall. The highest average heat transfer was achieved for the 60 deg rib pattern due to the strong rotational momentum of the secondary flow and higher heat transfer enhancement on the rib-roughened walls in comparison to the other three rib patterns.
Effects of Rib Arrangements on Heat Transfer and Flow Behavior in a Rectangular Rib-Roughened Passage: Application to Cooling of Gas Turbine Blade Trailing Edge
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division August 27, 1999 revision received January 8, 2001. Associate Editor: J.-C. Han.
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Kiml, R., Mochizuki, S., and Murata, A. (August 27, 1999). "Effects of Rib Arrangements on Heat Transfer and Flow Behavior in a Rectangular Rib-Roughened Passage: Application to Cooling of Gas Turbine Blade Trailing Edge ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 2001; 123(4): 675–681. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1378019
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