Marangoni instability in a finite container with a deformable interface in the absence of gravity has been investigated. It is shown that the critical Marangoni number is a non-monotonic function of the length of the container. Two different physical mechanisms driving convection are indicated. The advection of heat is essential for the first, advective (“classical”) mechanism that gives rise to short wavelength modes. The interface deformation is essential for the second mechanism that gives rise to long wavelength modes. If the container is sufficiently long, the second mechanism leads to an unconditional instability. The available results suggest that the unconditional instability leads to segmentation of the interface.
Marangoni Instability in a Finite Container-Transition Between Short and Long Wavelengths Modes
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division October 25, 1999; revision received September 27, 2000. Associate Editor: R. Douglass.
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Czechowski, L., and Floryan, J. M. (September 27, 2000). "Marangoni Instability in a Finite Container-Transition Between Short and Long Wavelengths Modes ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2001; 123(1): 96–104. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1339005
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