The heat transfer characteristics of three submerged radial jet reattachment (RJR) nozzles with exit angles of +45, 0, and −10 deg are compared to the heat transfer characteristics of a conventional submerged in-line jet (ILJ) nozzle. The nozzles are compared at their favorable spacing from the impingement surface. The comparisons are based on two criteria: (1) identical fluid flow power, and (2) identical peak pressure exerted on the impingement surface. The local and area-averaged Nusselt numbers are presented. Experiments were conducted for two different flow power conditions. Comparison under identical flow power indicates that significant enhancements in local and comparable enhancements in area-averaged Nusselt numbers can be achieved with the RJR nozzles over the conventional ILJ nozzle while being able to control the net force exerted on the impingement surface. The comparison between the ILJ and RJR nozzles on the basis of the same peak pressure exerted on the impingement surface indicates that the zero degree exit angle RJR nozzle heat transfer characteristics are superior to the ILJ nozzle.
Comparison of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Radial Jet Reattachment Nozzle to In-Line Impinging Jet Nozzle
Seyed-Yagoobi, J., Narayanan, V., and Page, R. H. (May 1, 1998). "Comparison of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Radial Jet Reattachment Nozzle to In-Line Impinging Jet Nozzle." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. May 1998; 120(2): 335–341. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2824253
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