Natural convection in a porous medium bounded by two horizontal cylinders is studied by solving the two-dimensional Boussinesq equations numerically. An accurate second-order finite difference scheme using an alternating direction method and successive underrelaxation is applied to a very fine grid. For a radius ratio above 1.7 and for Rayleigh numbers above a critical value, a closed hysteresis loop (indicating two possible solutions depending on initial conditions) is observed. For a radius ratio below 1.7 and as the Rayleigh number is increased, the number of cells in the annulus increases without bifurcation, and no hysteresis behavior is observed. Multicellular regimes and hysteresis loops have also been reported for fluid layers of same geometry but several differences between these two cases exist.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.