Numerical solutions for two-dimensional, steady, free convection are presented for a rectangular cavity with constant heat flux on one vertical wall, the other vertical wall being isothermally cooled. The horizontal walls are insulated. Results are presented in terms of streamlines and isotherms, local and average Nusselt numbers at the heated wall, and the local heat flux at the cooled wall. Flow patterns are observed to be quite different from those in the case of a cavity with both vertical walls at constant temperatures. Specifically, symmetry in the flow field is absent and any increase in applied heat flux is not accompanied by linearly proportional increase in the temperature on the heated wall. Also, for low Prandtl number, the heat transfer rate based upon the mean temperature difference is higher as compared to experimental results for the isothermal case. Heat transfer results, further, indicate that the average Nusselt number is correlated by a relation of the form Nu = constant Ra*mAn, where Ra* is the Rayleigh number and A the height-to-width ratio of the cavity.
Natural Convection in a Rectangular Porous Cavity With Constant Heat Flux on One Vertical Wall
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Prasad, V., and Kulacki, F. A. (February 1, 1984). "Natural Convection in a Rectangular Porous Cavity With Constant Heat Flux on One Vertical Wall." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 1984; 106(1): 152–157. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3246628
Download citation file: