Radiative heat transfer through evacuated randomly packed beds of uniform-diameter spheres is considered. A Monte Carlo technique is used to simulate the energy bundle traveling through the voids of the bed. The randomly packed bed is assumed to be an absorbing-scattering medium with effective absorption and scattering coefficients. The packing pattern is modeled by a numerical simulation of rigid spheres slowly settling into a randomly packed assemblage. The Monte Carlo simulation of radiant energy transport through the packed beds generates the transmission curve as a function of bed height and sphere emissivity. The effective absorption and scattering coefficients of the randomly packed bed are evaluated by using the solution of the two-flux equations and Monte Carlo transmission results. Results show a strong dependence of the thermal radiative properties on the packing structure and the size and emissivity of constitutent spheres. Qualitative agreement is shown in comparison with other work which used regular cubic packing, and with existing experimental data.
Radiative Heat Transfer Through a Randomly Packed Bed of Spheres by the Monte Carlo Method
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Yang, Y. S., Howell, J. R., and Klein, D. E. (May 1, 1983). "Radiative Heat Transfer Through a Randomly Packed Bed of Spheres by the Monte Carlo Method." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. May 1983; 105(2): 325–332. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3245582
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