Abstract

This contribution presents experimental investigations of friction torque in an open rotor-stator disc system by using two different measuring procedures. The first procedure based on a thermo electrical wall shear stress sensor. The sensor is investigated in two different substrates and different measuring parameters. A thermal model consisting of the supplied heating power, the thermal resistance toward the fluid, and into the substrate as well as the over temperature is used to achieve the heat transfer coefficient on the sensor surface. This heat transfer coefficient is attributed by a functional relationship to the wall shear stress. This relationship is firstly calibrated in a rectangular channel and subsequently validated at a fully turbulent flat plat flow. The second measuring procedure based on the tangential displacement of the stator disc due the friction torque. The disc is attached at a torsion spring. The friction torque is achieved by the torsion spring constant and the tangential displacement of the stator disc. Both measuring procedures are compared and agree well with each other. The used test rig has the possibility of reaching rotational Reynolds numbers representative for instance of a modern gas turbine. The investigations were carried out by a 0.5 m diameter rotor disc rotating up to 8500 rpm with a gap ratio between 0.008 and 0.04. The friction torque is measured on the stator disc and can be converted into moment coefficient. Moment coefficient on stator as well as measured pressure distributions are presented.

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