Abstract

This paper describes experimental investigation of a Reverse Flow Slinger (RFS) combustor that has been developed in order to attain high flame stability and low emissions in gas turbine engines. The combustor employs centrifugal fuel injection through a rotary atomizer and performs flame stabilization at the stagnation zone generated by reverse flow configuration. The design facilitates entrainment of hot product gases and internal preheating of the inlet air which enhances flame stability and permits stable lean operation for low NOx. Moreover, the use of rotary atomizer eliminates the need for high injection pressure resulting in a compact and lightweight design. Atmospheric pressure combustion was performed with liquid fuels, Jet A-1 and Methanol at ultra-lean fuel air ratios (FAR) with thermal intensity of 28 - 50 MW/m3atm. Combustor performance was evaluated by analyzing the lean blowout, emissions and combustion efficiency. Test results showed high flame stability of combustor and a very low lean blowout corresponding to global equivalence ratio of around 0.1 was obtained. Sustained and stable combustion at low heat release was attained and NOx emissions as low as of 0.4 g/Kg and 0.1 g/Kg were obtained with Jet A-1 and Methanol respectively. Combustion efficiency of 55% and 90% was obtained in operation with Jet A-1 and Methanol. Performance of the combustor was significantly better with Methanol in terms of emissions and efficiency.

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