Previous authors have considered the unsteady lift of a flat-plate (zero-cambered) airfoil travelling through sinusoidal gusts. The present paper extends the analysis to cambered airfoils with angle of attack moving through both longitudinal and transverse gusts. Closed-form analytical solutions are obtained. The results are used to calculate the unsteady lift on a blade moving through periodic wakes in an axial-flow turbomachine. Knowledge gained by this analysis clearly indicates design trends to obtain minimum lift fluctuations. Since the interference effects of neighboring blades are ignored in this analysis, the conclusions on turbomachinery are strictly valid only for cascades with low solidity.

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