An advanced numerical framework to model CO2 compressors over a wide range of subcritical conditions is presented in this paper. Thermodynamic and transport properties are obtained through a table look-up procedure with specialized features for subcritical conditions. Phase change is triggered by the difference between the local values of pressure and saturation pressure, and both vaporization and condensation can be modeled. Rigorous validation of the framework is presented for condensation in high pressure CO2 using test data in a De Laval nozzle. The comparisons between computations and test data include: condensation onset locations, Wilson line, and nozzle pressure profiles as a function of inlet pressures. The framework is applied to the Sandia compressor that has been modeled over broad range of conditions spanning the saturation dome including: near critical inlet conditions (305.4 K, and 7.843 MPa), pure liquid inlet conditions (at 295 K), pure vapor inlet conditions (at 302 K), and two-phase inlet conditions (at 290 K). Multiphase effects ranging from cavitation at the liquid line to condensation at the vapor line have been simulated. The role of real fluid effects in enhancing multiphase effects at elevated temperatures closer to the critical point has been identified. The performance of the compressor has been compared with test data; the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results also show that the head-flow coefficient curve collapses with relatively minor scatter, similar to the test data, when the flow coefficient is defined on the impeller exit meridional velocity.

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