The control valve is an essential component of electronic unit pump (EUP) fuel injection systems; it controls the flow rate with high-precision electrical signals. Thus, high precision and flexibility are required in the working process of a fuel injection system. The flow capacity (indicated by mass flow rate) of a control valve is an important technical indicator in the discharge of EUP fuel injection systems. In this study, the transient flow characteristics within control valve during the discharge of an EUP were evaluated using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. Three essential structural parameters of EUP control valve were investigated, and their effects on circulation characteristics were evaluated. The variation trends were observed, and the changes in significant physical parameters and crucial physical field distributions were analyzed. During the investigation, the visualization of internal flow of control valve provided more detailed information of flow fields. This study shows the effect of each parameter on flow characteristics and indicates that cavitation is the lowest for the case of 0.20 mm valve core lift; the length of slit is the shortest for the case of 7 mm seal diameter, therefore, the mass flow rate of export is the highest; at 139 deg seal cone angles, fuel velocity is the highest, therefore, 139 deg is the best seal cone angle.

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