Following three decades of research in short duration facilities, Purdue University has developed an alternative turbine facility in view of the modern technology in computational fluid mechanics, structural analysis, manufacturing, heating, control, and electronics. The proposed turbine facility can operate continuously and also perform transients, suited for precise heat flux, efficiency, and optical measurement techniques to advance turbine aerothermo-structural engineering. The facility has two different test sections, linear and annular, to service both fundamental and applied research. The linear test section is completely transparent for optical imaging and spectroscopy, aimed at technology readiness levels (TRLs) of 1–2. The annular test section was designed with optical access to perform proof of concepts as well as validation of turbine component performance for relevant nondimensional parameters at TRLs of 3–4. The large mass flow rate (28 kg/s) combined with a minimum hub to tip ratio of 0.85 allows high spatial resolution. The Reynolds number (Re) extends from 60,000 to 3,000,000, based on the vane outlet flow properties with an axial chord of 0.06 m and a turning angle of 72 deg. The pressure ratio can be independently adjusted, enabling testing from low subsonic to Mach 3.2. This paper provides a detailed description of the sequential design methodology from zero-dimensional to three-dimensional (3D) unsteady analysis as well as of the measurement techniques available in this turbine facility.

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