Many of the components on a gas turbine are subject to fouling and degradation over time due to debris buildup. For example, axial compressors are susceptible to degradation as a result of debris buildup on compressor blades. Similarly, air-cooled lube oil heat exchangers incur degradation as a result of debris buildup in the cooling air passageways. In this paper, we develop a method for estimating the degradation rate of a given gas turbine component that experiences recoverable degradation due to normal operation over time. We then establish an economic maintenance scheduling model, which utilizes the derived rate and user input economic factors to provide a locally optimal maintenance schedule with minimized operator costs. The rate estimation method makes use of statistical methods combined with historical data to give an algorithm with which a performance loss rate can be extracted from noisy data measurements. The economic maintenance schedule is then derived by minimizing the cost model in user specified intervals and the final schedule results as a combination of the locally optimized schedules. The goal of the combination of algorithms is to maximize component output and efficiency, while minimizing maintenance costs. The rate estimation method is validated by simulation where the underlying noisy data measurements come from a known probability distribution. Then, an example schedule optimization is provided to validate the economic optimization model and show the efficacy of the combined methods.
Estimating Recoverable Performance Degradation Rates and Optimizing Maintenance Scheduling
Manuscript received June 23, 2018; final manuscript received July 6, 2018; published online November 14, 2018. Editor: Jerzy T. Sawicki.
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Allen, C. W., Holcomb, C. M., and de Oliveira, M. (November 14, 2018). "Estimating Recoverable Performance Degradation Rates and Optimizing Maintenance Scheduling." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. January 2019; 141(1): 011032. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041004
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