The wake vortex is an important origin of unsteadiness and losses in turbines. In this paper, the development and underlying mechanisms of the shedding vortex of a high-pressure transonic turbine vane are studied and analyzed using the delayed detached eddy simulation (DDES) and proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). The goal is to understand the unsteadiness related to the wake vortex shedding and the wake evolution and mixing. Special attention is paid to the development of the wake vortex and the mechanisms behind the length characteristics. Interactions of the wake vortex with the shock wave and pressure waves are also discussed. First, the DDES simulation results are compared with published experimental data, Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes, and large eddy simulation (LES) simulations. Then, the development of the vane wake vortex, especially the different length characteristics from the cylinder vortex, is discussed. The reason of stronger pressure-side vortex shedding compared to suction-side vortex shedding is revealed. Wake-shock wave interaction and wake-pressure wave interaction are also investigated. The pressure waves are found to have a stronger effect than the shock wave on the spanwise motion and the dissipation of the wake vortex. An analysis of the losses through the turbine vane passage is carried out to evaluate the contributions of thermal and viscous irreversibilities. Losses analysis also confirms the strong interaction between the wake vortex and pressure waves. After that, POD study of the wake behavior was carried out. The results indicate that the shedding vortex is dominant in the unsteady flow. The phase relation between the pressure side wake vortex (PSVP) and the suction side wake vortex (SSVP) is confirmed.

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