The steam consumption in a turbine within an operating pressure range determines the effectiveness of thermal energy conversion to electric power generation in a turbo-alternator. The low pressure (LP) stage of the steam turbine produces largest amount of steam to shaft-power in comparison to other stages of turbine although susceptible to various additional losses due to condensation of wet steam near penultimate and ultimate stages. The surface deposition in blade is caused by inertial impaction and turbulent-diffusion. With increasing blade stagger angle along the larger diameter of blading, the fractional deposition of wet steam is largely influenced by blade shape. From this background, the aim of this work is to predict the effect of mathematical models through computational fluid dynamics analysis on the characterization of thermodynamic and mechanical loss components based on unsaturated vapor water droplet size and pressure zones in LP stages of steam turbine and to investigate the influence of droplet size and rotor blade profile on cumulative energy losses due to condensation and provide an indication about the possible conceptual optimization of blade profile design to minimize moisture-induced energy losses.

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