Formation of thin liquid films on steam turbine airfoils, particularly in last stages of low-pressure (LP) steam turbines, and their breakup into coarse droplets is of paramount importance to assess erosion of last stage rotor blades given by the impact of those droplets. An approach for this problem is presented in this paper: this includes deposition of liquid water mass and momentum, film mass and momentum conservation, trailing edge breakup and droplets Lagrangian tracking accounting for inertia and drag. The use of thickness-averaged two-dimensional (2D) equations in local body-fitted coordinates, derived from Navier–Stokes equations, makes the approach suitable for arbitrary curved blades and integration with three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The model is implemented in the in-house solver MULTI3, which uses Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations κω model and steam tables for the steam phase and was previously modified to run on multi-GPU architecture. The method is applied to the last stage of a steam turbine in full and part load operating conditions to validate the model by comparison with time-averaged data from experiments conducted in the same conditions. Droplets impact pattern on rotor blades is also predicted and shown.

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