The present effort focuses on detailed numerical modeling of the evaporation of an ethanol–water droplet. The model intends to capture all relevant details of the process: it includes species and heat transport in the liquid and gas phases, and detailed thermophysical and transport properties, varying with both temperature and composition. Special attention is reserved to the composition range near and below the ethanol/water azeotrope point at ambient pressure. For this case, a significant fraction of the droplet lifetime exhibits evaporation dynamics similar to those of a pure droplet. The results are analyzed, and model simplifications are examined. In particular, the assumptions of constant liquid properties, homogeneous liquid phase composition and no differential volatility may not be valid depending on the initial droplet temperature.
A Numerical Study of Ethanol–Water Droplet Evaporation
KTH Royal Institute of Technology,
Stockholm SE-100 44, Sweden
Contributed by the Coal, Biomass and Alternate Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 7, 2017; final manuscript received July 12, 2017; published online October 3, 2017. Editor: David Wisler.
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Lupo, G., and Duwig, C. (October 3, 2017). "A Numerical Study of Ethanol–Water Droplet Evaporation." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. February 2018; 140(2): 021401. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037753
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