Electrically assisted engine boosting systems lend themselves to better throttle response, wider effective operating ranges, and can provide the ability to extract excess energy during deceleration and high-load events (and store it in a vehicle's onboard batteries). This can lead to better overall vehicle performance, emissions, and efficiency while allowing for further engine downsizing and increased power density. In this research effort, a hybrid-electric turbocharger, variable-frequency drive (VFD), and novel sensorless control algorithm were developed. An 11 kW permanent-magnet (PM) machine was coupled to a commercial turbocharger via an in-line, bolt-on housing attached to the compressor inlet. A high-efficiency, high-temperature VFD, consisting of custom control and power electronics, was also developed. The VFD uses SiC MOSFETS to achieve high-switching frequency and can be cooled using an existing engine coolant loop operating at up to 105 °C at an efficiency greater than 98%. A digital sliding mode-observer sensorless speed control algorithm was created to command and regulate speed and achieved ramp rates of over 68,000 rpm/s. A two-machine benchtop motor/generator test stand was constructed for initial testing and tuning of the VFD and sensorless control algorithm. A gas blow-down test stand was constructed to test the mechanical operation of the hybrid-electric turbocharger and speed control using the VFD. In addition, a liquid-pump cart was assembled for high-temperature testing of the VFD. Initial on-engine testing is planned for later this year. This paper intends to present a design overview of the in-line, hybrid-electric device, VFD, and performance characterization of the electronics and sensorless control algorithm.
Hybrid-Electric Turbocharger and High-Speed SiC Variable-Frequency Drive Using Sensorless Control Algorithm
Contributed by the IC Engine Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received February 20, 2018; final manuscript received March 26, 2018; published online August 6, 2018. Editor: David Wisler.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Cite Icon Cite
- Search Site
Carpenter, A. L., Beechner, T. L., Tews, B. E., and Yelvington, P. E. (August 6, 2018). "Hybrid-Electric Turbocharger and High-Speed SiC Variable-Frequency Drive Using Sensorless Control Algorithm." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. December 2018; 140(12): 122801. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040012
Download citation file:
- Ris (Zotero)
- Reference Manager