This paper presents the methodology and results of the optimization of a straight-through labyrinth seal with two inclined fins against smooth-land. The optimization was performed using commercial tools implemented in the ANSYS environment, such as goal-driven optimization. The response surfaces were created based on Latin hypercube samples found from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculations. The CFD solver, using a steady-state scheme with the k–ω shear stress transport (SST) turbulence model, was applied. A screening algorithm was used to find the best candidates on the response surfaces. The objective function adopted in the labyrinth seal optimization was the minimization of the discharge coefficient value. A wide range of parameters of the fins position and shape were taken into account, with physically justified degrees-of-freedom. The optimization results were supported by the results of an in-house experiment performed on a stationary, linear test rig. The test rig was fed by a high-capacity vacuum air blower with high-precision hot-wire anemometry mass flow evaluation. The reductions in the leakage significantly exceed the uncertainties of the CFD model and the test rig accuracy. The factors that had the most substantial impact on the leakage reduction were the location, inclination, and thickness of the fins. The experimental results were compared with the calculations and the optimization effects, highlighting some tendencies in the labyrinth seal flow behavior. Good agreement was obtained between the optimization results and the experimental data, proving that the presented methodology is sufficient for the labyrinth seal optimization.
Optimization of the Straight-Through Labyrinth Seal With a Smooth Land
Contributed by the Structures and Dynamics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received June 25, 2018; final manuscript received June 29, 2018; published online August 30, 2018. Editor: Jerzy T. Sawicki.
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Szymański, A., Wróblewski, W., Frączek, D., Bochon, K., Dykas, S., and Marugi, K. (August 30, 2018). "Optimization of the Straight-Through Labyrinth Seal With a Smooth Land." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. December 2018; 140(12): 122503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040767
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