Recently, the focus has been laid on the characteristics of pollutant emissions from pulse detonation combustion (PDC). Initial studies indicate possibly high nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions, so the assessment of potential primary reduction methods is advisable. The present work considers the following reduction methods: lean combustion, nitrogen and steam dilution, as well as flue gas recirculation. Since such changes in the combustion mixture reduce its reactivity and thus detonability, they can impair a reliable operation in technical systems. In order to explore the potential and limitations of each of these reduction methods, they are compared for mixtures featuring an identical characteristic detonation cell size at given initial conditions. Furthermore, building upon the use of steam dilution, a modified method to add steam to the combustible mixture is investigated. In order to avoid the strong reduction of mixture detonability by steam addition and ensure a robust detonation formation, steam is injected into the already developed detonation front. It was found that, for sufficiently even steam distribution, NOx reduction comparable to a premixed dilution could be achieved. This approach enables the realization of NOx reduction in PDC also for such conditions, for which premix dilution is not feasible. Therefore, combining the premix dilution with postshock injection offers a promising strategy to substantially reduce NOx emissions from PDC, while at the same time ensuring its reliable operation.
Numerical Study on NOx Reduction in Pulse Detonation Combustion by Using Steam Injection Decoupled From Detonation Development
Manuscript received June 26, 2018; final manuscript received July 8, 2018; published online October 23, 2018. Editor: Jerzy T. Sawicki.
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Hanraths, N., Tolkmitt, F., Berndt, P., and Djordjevic, N. (October 23, 2018). "Numerical Study on NOx Reduction in Pulse Detonation Combustion by Using Steam Injection Decoupled From Detonation Development." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. December 2018; 140(12): 121008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040867
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