Secondary air is bled from the compressor in a gas turbine engine to cool turbine components and seal the cavities between stages. Unsealed cavities can lead to hot gas ingestion, which can degrade critical components or, in extreme cases, can be catastrophic to engines. For this study, a 1.5 stage turbine with an engine-realistic rim seal was operated at an engine-relevant axial Reynolds number, rotational Reynolds number, and Mach number. Purge flow was introduced into the interstage cavity through distinct purge holes for two different configurations. This paper compares the two configurations over a range of purge flow rates. Sealing effectiveness measurements, deduced from the use of CO2 as a flow tracer, indicated that the sealing characteristics were improved by increasing the number of uniformly distributed purge holes and improved by increasing levels of purge flow. For the larger number of purge holes, a fully sealed cavity was possible, while for the smaller number of purge holes, a fully sealed cavity was not possible. For this representative cavity model, sealing effectiveness measurements were compared with a well-accepted orifice model derived from simplified cavity models. Sealing effectiveness levels at some locations within the cavity were well-predicted by the orifice model, but due to the complexity of the realistic rim seal and the purge flow delivery, the effectiveness levels at other locations were not well-predicted.
Effects of Purge Flow Configuration on Sealing Effectiveness in a Rotor–Stator Cavity
Contributed by the Structures and Dynamics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received April 15, 2018; final manuscript received May 13, 2018; published online July 12, 2018. Editor: David Wisler.
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Clark, K., Barringer, M., Johnson, D., Thole, K., Grover, E., and Robak, C. (July 12, 2018). "Effects of Purge Flow Configuration on Sealing Effectiveness in a Rotor–Stator Cavity." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. November 2018; 140(11): 112502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040308
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