This paper presents comprehensive test measurements for gas journal bearings with damping structures of a bump foil layer and/or a polymer layer. A one-pad top foil forms the bearing surface, under which the bearing structure and a bearing housing are located. Test bearings include gas foil bearings (GFBs), gas polymer bearings (GPBs), and gas foil-polymer bearings (GFPBs). In addition, three metal shims were employed to create wedge effects in the GFPBs. First, static load-deflection tests of test bearings estimate the radial assembly clearance. Second, shake dynamic loading tests identify frequency-dependent dynamic characteristics. An electromagnetic shaker provides flat bearing specimens with one degree-of-freedom (1DOF) vertical dynamic loading. GFPB was measured to exhibit a higher structural damping and lower stiffness than GFB. Lastly, the electric motor driving tests examine the rotordynamic stability performance. A permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motor drives a PM rotor supported on a pair of test journal bearings. As a result, the GFPBs with mechanical preloads enhanced the rotordynamic performance with no subsynchronous motions up to the maximum rotor speed of 88 krpm, and the bearing friction characteristics as well. Furthermore, they showed comparable rotordynamic performance to three-pad GFBs from a past literature, even with larger bearing clearances and small mechanical preloads.
Performance Measurements of Gas Bearings With High Damping Structures of Polymer and Bump Foil Via Electric Motor Driving Tests and One Degree-of-Freedom Shaker Dynamic Loading Tests
Contributed by the Structures and Dynamics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received February 5, 2017; final manuscript received February 12, 2017; published online April 11, 2017. Editor: David Wisler.
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Sim, K., and Park, J. (April 11, 2017). "Performance Measurements of Gas Bearings With High Damping Structures of Polymer and Bump Foil Via Electric Motor Driving Tests and One Degree-of-Freedom Shaker Dynamic Loading Tests." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. September 2017; 139(9): 092504. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4036063
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