Unsteady flow within the intake system of a hydrogen–air pulse detonation engine (PDE) has been analyzed using a quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) computational fluid dynamic (CFD) code. The analysis provides insight into the unsteady nature of localized equivalence ratios and their effects on PDE performance. For this purpose, a code originally configured to model the PDE tube proper was modified to include a 6.1 m long intake with a single fuel injector located approximately 3.05 m upstream of the primary intake valve. The results show that constant fuel mass flow rate injection from the injector creates large local variations in equivalence ratio throughout the PDE within a cycle. The effect of fill fraction on the engine performance is better described with the presence of the inlet model. However, the effect of ignition delay is shown to be better predicted with a model without the inlet.

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