Lean premixed single-stage combustion is state of the art for low pollution combustion in heavy-duty gas turbines with gaseous fuels. The application of premixed jets in multistage combustion to lower nitric oxide emissions and enhance turn-down ratio is a novel promising approach. At the Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, Technische Universität München, a large-scale atmospheric combustion test rig has been set up for studying staged combustion. The understanding of lift-off (LO) behavior is crucial for determining the amount of mixing before ignition and for avoiding flames anchoring at the combustor walls. This experiment studies jet LO depending on jet equivalence ratio (0.58–0.82), jet preheat temperature (288–673 K), cross flow temperature (1634–1821 K), and jet momentum ratio (6–210). The differences to existing LO studies are the high cross flow temperature and applying a premixed jet. The LO height of the jet flame is determined by OH* chemiluminescence images, and subsequently, the data is used to analyze the influence of each parameter and to develop a model that predicts the LO height for similar staged combustion systems. A main outcome of this work is that the LO height in a high temperature cross flow cannot be described by one dimensionless number like Damköhler- or Karlovitz-number. Furthermore, the ignition delay time scale τign also misses part of the LO height mechanism. The presented model uses turbulent time scales, the ignition delay, and a chemical time scale based on the laminar flame speed. An analysis of the model reveals flame stabilization mechanisms and explains the importance of different time scale.

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