This paper studies the effect of brush seal segmentation on the seal performance characteristics. A brush–labyrinth sealing configuration arranged of one brush seal downstream and two labyrinth fins upstream is studied experimentally and theoretically. The studied brush seal is of welded design installed with zero cold radial clearance. The brush seal front and back rings as well as the bristle pack are segmented radially in a single plane using the electrical discharge machining (EDM) technique. The segmentation procedure results in loss of bristles at the site of the cuts altering the leakage flow structure in the seal and its performance characteristics. Two test rigs are used to obtain leakage, as well as rotordynamic stiffness and damping coefficients of the seal at different pressure ratios. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based model is used to predict the seal performance and to study in detail local changes in the flow field due to the segmentation. A back-to-back comparison of the performance of nonsegmented and segmented brush seals as well as baseline labyrinth seal is provided. The obtained results demonstrate that the segmentation in general negatively affects the performance of the studied brush–labyrinth sealing configuration. However, the segmented brush seal shows increased direct damping coefficients.
Segmentation Effects on Brush Seal Leakage and Rotordynamic Coefficients
Contributed by the Structures and Dynamics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received June 25, 2015; final manuscript received July 17, 2015; published online September 22, 2015. Editor: David Wisler.
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Pugachev, A. O., Gaszner, M., Georgakis, C., and Cooper, P. (September 22, 2015). "Segmentation Effects on Brush Seal Leakage and Rotordynamic Coefficients." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. March 2016; 138(3): 032501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031386
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