Machined ferrous metal components may carry a magnetic field, which in rotation disturb the output of electrical sensors. To minimize the effect on the electrical instrumentation, the rotating components are usually demagnetized. However, even after the demagnetization process, a residual magnetism unavoidably remains. This paper presents a methodology to predict the effects of a rotating magnetic field induced on thin film measurements. In addition to the prediction of the magnetic effects, a procedure to correct the spurious variation in the readings of thin film gauges has been developed to enhance the fidelity of the measurements. An analytical model was developed to reproduce the bias on the electrical signal from sensors exposed to rotor airfoils with magnets. The model is based on the Biot–Savart law to generate the magnetic field, and the Faraday's law to calculate the electromotive force induced along the measurement circuit. The model was assessed by means of controlled experiments varying the rotor tip clearance and rotational speed. The presented methodologies allowed the correction of the magnetic field effects. The raw signal of the thin film sensors, in the absence of any correction, is prone to deliver errors in the heat flux amounting to about 8% of the mean overall value. Thanks to the developed corrective approach, the residual magnetic effect contribution to the heat flux error would be 2% at most.
Methodology to Correct the Magnetic Field Effect on Thin Film Measurements
Contributed by the Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 16, 2015; final manuscript received August 4, 2015; published online September 22, 2015. Editor: David Wisler.
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Cuadrado, D. G., Lavagnoli, S., and Paniagua, G. (September 22, 2015). "Methodology to Correct the Magnetic Field Effect on Thin Film Measurements." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. March 2016; 138(3): 031602. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031321
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