To meet stringent Euro-6 emission regulations, a lean NOx trap (LNT) catalyst should be considered to effectively abate NOx emissions. This LNT catalyst should be periodically regenerated without deteriorating driving quality and also satisfy emission constraints, such as CO, low particulate matter or smoke, and low O2 during the regeneration phase. As a means of reductant delivery, in-cylinder post fuel injection with a feedforward (FF) control has been applied due to its simple implementation in an engine management system (EMS). However, with this method, it is difficult to satisfy the driving quality and emission constraints during the transition to or out of the regeneration phase. To solve this problem, we propose a novel LNT regeneration control method using an indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) and a combustion lambda feedback (FB) control combined with the FF control. For the precise FB control of the post injection timing, among the location of the second rate of heat release (ROHR) peak, the magnitude of the second ROHR peak, and IMEP, the IMEP was selected as a control parameter because of its lowest cyclic variation. In addition, the exhaust lambda control was applied for the accurate FB control of the post injection quantity. The proposed method was implemented in an in-house EMS. The performance in several engine tests indicated that the torque fluctuation was minimized and all emission constraints were effectively satisfied. Furthermore, this method was also robust with regard to the thermal disturbance.
Robust Indicated Mean Effective Pressure and Combustion Lambda Feedback Control for Lean NOx Trap Regeneration in a 2.2 L Common Rail Direct Injection Diesel Engine
Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received April 9, 2014; final manuscript received November 17, 2014; published online February 3, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Stani Bohac.
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Lee, H., Han, M., and Sunwoo, M. (August 1, 2015). "Robust Indicated Mean Effective Pressure and Combustion Lambda Feedback Control for Lean NOx Trap Regeneration in a 2.2 L Common Rail Direct Injection Diesel Engine." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. August 2015; 137(8): 081504. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4029479
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