Modern gas-turbine engines are characterized by high core-flow temperatures and significantly lower turbine-surface temperatures. This can lead to large property variations within the boundary layers on the turbine surfaces. However, cooling of turbines is generally studied near room temperature, where property variation within the boundary layer is negligible. The present study first employs computational fluid dynamics to validate two methods for quantifying the effect of variable properties in a boundary layer: the reference temperature method and the temperature ratio method. The computational results are then used to expand the generality of the temperature ratio method by proposing a slight modification. Next, these methods are used to quantify the effect of variable properties within a boundary layer on measurement techniques, which assume constant properties. Both low-temperature flows near ambient and high-temperature flows with a freestream temperature of 1600K are considered under both laminar and turbulent conditions. The results show that variable properties have little effect on laminar flows at any temperature or turbulent flows at low temperatures such that constant property methods can be validly employed. However, variable properties are seen to have a profound effect on turbulent flows at high temperatures. For the high-temperature turbulent flow considered, the constant property methods are found to overpredict the convective heat transfer coefficient by up to 54.7% and underpredict the adiabatic wall temperature by up to 209K. Utilizing the variable property techniques, a new method for measuring the adiabatic wall temperature and variable property heat-transfer coefficient is proposed for variable property flows.

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