The claim for low emission engines, imposed by strict environmental legislation, has prompted the aeronautical industry to reduce both noise emission and pollution by using lean combustion technology. These engines are often affected by acoustic instabilities that can compromise their correct functioning. A 3D acoustic wave field investigation is increasingly relevant for a correct design and comprehension of this kind of phenomena. Numerical codes are widely used for this type of analysis but an experimental validation is still required due to the complexity of the real phenomena involved in acoustic generation and propagation. While the wall acoustic pressure can be easily measured, very few examples of radial measurement for a 3D analysis can be found in research on this subject. This paper presents an example of a radial measurement of a 3D acoustic pressure field by means of a waveguide probe based on a 1/4" pressure microphone. In particular, several probe geometries were designed and calibrated on a specialized test rig. In order to verify the adopted methodology, the acoustic 3D pressure fields of two simplified geometries were measured and compared with those from a theoretical model describing the actual conditions of the test rig.
An Experimental Methodology for the Reconstruction of Three-Dimensional Acoustic Pressure Fields in Ducts
Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 1, 2013; final manuscript received August 9, 2013; published online October 22, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.
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Ferrara, G., Ferrari, L., and Lenzi, G. (October 22, 2013). "An Experimental Methodology for the Reconstruction of Three-Dimensional Acoustic Pressure Fields in Ducts." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. January 2014; 136(1): 011505. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4025348
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