Data reconciliation is widely used in the chemical process industry to suppress the influence of random errors in process data and help detect gross errors. Data reconciliation is currently seeing increased use in the power industry. Here, we use data from a recently constructed cogeneration system to show the data reconciliation process and the difficulties associated with gross error detection and suspect measurement identification. Problems in gross error detection and suspect measurement identification are often traced to weak variable redundancy, which can be characterized by variable adjustability and threshold value. Proper suspect measurement identification is accomplished using a variable measurement test coupled with the variable adjustability. Cogeneration and power systems provide a unique opportunity to include performance equations in the problem formulation. Gross error detection and suspect measurement identification can be significantly enhanced by increasing variable redundancy through the use of performance equations. Cogeneration system models are nonlinear, but a detailed analysis of gross error detection and suspect measurement identification is based on model linearization. A Monte Carlo study was used to verify results from the linearized models.

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