Oil system architecture in aero engines has remained almost the same for the last 30 years. At least one oil feed pump is responsible for distributing pressurized oil into the bearing chambers, and several scavenge pumps are responsible for evacuating the bearing chambers from the oil and the air mixture. Air is used as the sealing medium in bearing chambers and is the dominant medium in terms of volume occupation and expansion phenomena. In order to simplify the oil system architecture and thus improve the system's reliability with less mechanical parts and also decrease weight, an ejector system has been designed for scavenging bearing chambers. The idea behind the ejector is to use high-pressure oil from the feed pump and use it for feeding the ejector's primary jet. Through the momentum transfer between the pressurized oil at the jet's tip and the two-phase mixture of air and oil from the bearing chamber, the mixture will be discharged into the oil tank. In order to design the ejector for aero engine applications, engine-relevant performance conditions had to be considered. The design was performed using a one-dimensional analysis tool and then considerably refined by using the numerical tool ansys cfx. In a further step, the ejector was manufactured out of pure quartz glass and was tested in a lube rig with a bearing chamber, which has evolved from a real engine application. In the bearing chamber, engine-relevant performance conditions were simulated. Through the provided instrumentation for pressures, temperatures, and air/oil flows, the performance characteristics of the ejector were assessed and were compared to the analytic and numerical results. A high-speed camera was used to record the two-phase flow downstream of the bearing chamber in the scavenge pipe. This work is part of the European Union-funded research program Engine LUBrication System TechnologieS (ELUBSYS) within the 7th EU Frame Programme for Aeronautics and Transport (AAT.2008.4.2.3).
Ejector Scavenging of Bearing Chambers. A Numerical and Experimental Investigation
Contributed by the Turbomachinery Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received March 1, 2013; final manuscript received March 7, 2013; published online June 24, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.
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Flouros, M., Cottier, F., Hirschmann, M., Kutz, J., and Jocher, A. (June 24, 2013). "Ejector Scavenging of Bearing Chambers. A Numerical and Experimental Investigation." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. August 2013; 135(8): 081602. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024259
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