The target of this study is to promote combustion capability using a novel rifled nozzle which was set at the outlet of a conventional (unrifled) combustor. The rifled nozzle was utilized to adjust the flow swirling intensity behind the traditional combustor by changing the number of rifles. The rifle mechanism enhances the turbulence intensity and increases the mixing efficiency between the central-fuel jet and the annular swirled air-jet by modifying the momentum transmission. Specifically, direct photography, Schlieren photography, thermocouples, and a gas analyzer were utilized to document the flame behavior, peak temperature, temperature distribution, combustion capability, and gas-concentration distribution. The experimental results confirm that increasing the number of rifles and the annular swirling air-jet velocity (ua) improves the combustion capability. Five characteristic flame modes—jet-flame, flickering-flame, recirculated-flame, ring-flame and lifted-flame—were obtained using various annular air-jet and central fuel-jet velocities. The total combustion capability (Qtot) increases with the number of rifles and with increasing ua. The Qtot of a 12-rifled nozzle (swirling number (S) = 0.5119) is about 33% higher than that of an unrifled nozzle. In addition, the high swirling intensity induces the low nitric oxide (NO) concentration, and the maximum concentration of NO behind the 12-rifled nozzle (S = 0.5119) is 49% lower than that behind the unrifled nozzle.
Flame Structure and Combustion Capability of Non-Premixed Rifled Nozzles
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. Manuscript received August 10, 2012; final manuscript received October 27, 2012; published online June 10, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Joseph Zelina.
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San, K. C., Hsu, H. J., and Yen, S. C. (June 10, 2013). "Flame Structure and Combustion Capability of Non-Premixed Rifled Nozzles." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. July 2013; 135(7): 071501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024060
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