This paper presents the feasibility study of an oil-free turbocharger (TC) supported on gas foil bearings (GFBs) via on-road tests of a 2-liter class diesel vehicle. The oil-free TC is constructed using a hollow rotor with a radial turbine at one end and a compressor impeller at the other end, a center housing with journal and thrust GFBs, and turbine and compressor casings. The oil-free TC reuses parts of a commercial variable geometry turbocharger, except for the rotor-bearing system. In a test rig driven by a diesel vehicle engine (EG), the rotordynamic performance of the oil-free TC is evaluated up to the rotor speed of 130 krpm, which is measured at the compressor end. The journal GFBs are modified to enhance the rotordynamic performance by inserting three metal shims between the bump-strip layers and bearing housing. The rotordynamic performance is also measured during on-road tests by replacing the original TC of the test diesel vehicle with the constructed oil-free TC. The journal GFBs have a relatively large bearing clearance and no metal shims to generate subsynchronous motions at low TC and EG speeds. During normal vehicle driving, the TC rotor motions show steady rotordynamic operations. The oil-free TC rotates at 25 krpm ∼ 50 krpm while the vehicle runs at 20 km/h ∼ 30 km/h on the road. Subsynchronous rotor motions initiate with a frequency of ∼100 Hz at the TC speed of ∼37 krpm. As expected, the TC rotor motion also shows multiple EG-induced harmonics. Upon external shocks, produced by driving the vehicle on road-bumps, the subsynchronous motions are only excited when the rotor rotates above the initiation speed of subsynchronous motion. The excitation is nondestructive because the vehicle suspension absorbs most of the external shock. Incidentally, the external shocks appear to have no influence on the synchronous motion and engine-induced harmonics of the TC rotor.
Feasibility Study of an Oil-Free Turbocharger Supported on Gas Foil Bearings Via On-Road Tests of a Two-Liter Class Diesel Vehicle
232 Gongneung-ro, Nowon-gu 139-743,
Seoul, Korea, 139-743
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. Manuscript received September 24, 2012; final manuscript received September 24 2012; published online April 23, 2013. Editor: Dilip R. Ballal.
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Lee, Y., Bum Kwon, S., Kim, T. H., and Sim, K. (April 23, 2013). "Feasibility Study of an Oil-Free Turbocharger Supported on Gas Foil Bearings Via On-Road Tests of a Two-Liter Class Diesel Vehicle." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. May 2013; 135(5): 052701. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007883
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