To detect degradation in steam generator (SG) tubes, periodic inspection using nondestructive examination techniques, such as an eddy current testing, is a common practice. Therefore, it is critical to evaluate and validate the reliability of the eddy current technique for ensuring the structural integrity of the SG tubes. The eddy current technique could be evaluated by comparing the data estimated by the eddy current with the destructive examination data of field cracks, which would be both costly and labor intensive. A viable alternative to pulled tube data is to manufacture crack specimens that closely represent actual field cracks in laboratory environments. A crack manufacturing method that can be conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure conditions is proposed. The method was applied to manufacture different types of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) specimens: axial outer-diameter (OD) SCC for straight tubes, circumferential ODSCC and primary water SCC (PWSCC) at hydraulic expansion transition regions, and axial PWSCC at the apex and tangential regions of U-bend tubes. To help the growth of SCC into the tube, corrosive chemicals (sodium tetrathionate) and tensile stress were applied. Eddy current and destructive examination data for SCC specimens were compared with the available field crack data to determine whether those SCC specimens are representative. It was determined that the proposed method could manufacture the representative crack specimens.
Manufacturing Stress Corrosion-Cracking Tube Specimens for Eddy Current Technique Evaluation
Contributed by the Nuclear Division of ASME for Publication in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. Manuscript received September 17, 2012; final manuscript received September 28, 2012; published online February 21, 2013. Editor: Dilip R. Ballal.
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Bum Bahn, C., Bakhtiari, S., Park, J., and Majumdar, S. (February 21, 2013). "Manufacturing Stress Corrosion-Cracking Tube Specimens for Eddy Current Technique Evaluation." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. March 2013; 135(3): 032902. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007872
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