Fuels from low quality feedstock such as biomass and biomass residues are currently discussed with respect to their potential to contribute to a more sustainable electrical power supply. In the present work, we report on the study of generic representative gas mixtures stemming from the gasification of different feedstock, from wood and algae. Two major combustion properties—burning velocities and ignition delay times—were measured for different parameters: (i) for two pressures—1 bar and 3 bar—at a constant preheat temperature T0 = 373 K, to determine burning velocities by applying the cone angle method; and (ii) for elevated pressures—up to 16 bar—in the temperature range between about 1000 and 2000 K, at fuel-equivalence ratios φ of 0.5 and 1.0, to obtain ignition delay times by applying the shock tube method. Additional studies performed in our group on gas mixtures of natural gas, methane, and hydrogen were also taken into account as major components of biogenic gas mixtures. It was found that the reaction behavior of the wood gasification product (N2, CO, H2, CO2, CH4) is mainly determined by its H2 content, besides CH4; methane determines the kinetic behavior of the algae fermentation product (CH4, CO2, N2) due to its relatively high amount. Detailed chemical kinetic reaction models were used to predict the measured data. The trends and main features were captured by predictions applying different reaction models. The agreement of the experiments and the predictions is dependent on the pressure range.
Alternative Fuels Based on Biomass: An Investigation of Combustion Properties of Product Gases
Institute of Combustion Technology,
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. Manuscript received September 29, 2012; final manuscript received October 5, 2012; published online February 21, 2013. Editor: Dilip R. Ballal.
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Herzler, J., Herbst, J., Kick, T., Naumann, C., Braun-Unkhoff, M., and Riedel, U. (February 21, 2013). "Alternative Fuels Based on Biomass: An Investigation of Combustion Properties of Product Gases." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. March 2013; 135(3): 031401. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007817
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