During the design of turbomachinery flow path components, the assessment of possible structural resonant conditions is critical. Higher frequency modes of these structures are frequently found to be subject to resonance and, in these cases, design criteria require a forced response analysis of the structure with the assumption that the excitation speed exactly equals the resonant frequency. The design becomes problematic if the response analysis shows a violation of the high cycle fatigue (HCF) criteria. One possible solution is to perform a “finite-life” analysis, where Miner's rule is used to calculate the actual life in seconds in comparison to the required life. In this situation, it is beneficial to incorporate the fact that, for a variety of turbomachinery control reasons, the speed of the rotor does not actually dwell at a single value but instead dithers about a nominal mean speed and during the time that the excitation frequency is not equal to the resonant frequency, the damage accumulated by the structure is significantly diminished. Building on previous investigations into this process, we show that a steady-state assumption of the response is extremely accurate for this typical case, resulting in the ability to quickly account for speed variation in the finite-life analysis of a component which has previously had its peak dynamic stress at resonance calculated. A technique using a Monte Carlo simulation is also presented which can be used when specific speed time histories are not available. The implementation of these techniques can prove critical for successful turbopump design, since the improvement in life when speed variation is considered is shown to be greater than a factor of two.
Implementation of Speed Variation in the Structural Dynamic Assessment of Turbomachinery Flow Path Components
Contributed by the Structures and Dynamics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received June 28, 2013; final manuscript received July 2, 2013; published online August 30, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.
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Brown, A. M., Davis, R. B., and DeHaye, M. K. (August 30, 2013). "Implementation of Speed Variation in the Structural Dynamic Assessment of Turbomachinery Flow Path Components." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2013; 135(10): 102503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024960
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