The injection of small amount of diesel fuel relies on the shortening of energizing signal. In such injection conditions, the needle does not reach the mechanical stroke-end and its displacement is defined as ballistic. Some specific experimental work has been performed on how the dynamics of injector needle is reflected on the fuel flow pattern within the nozzle. Due to the intrinsic difficulties of the field, just single axial hole injectors have been optically investigated in real time, by means of the most advanced X-ray techniques. In the current study, based on 3D-computational fluid dynamics modeling, the investigation has been extended to multihole injector layouts, under typical pilot/split injection conditions, namely, high injection pressure and low needle lift. The role of different factors on the flow development within the nozzle has been shown and discussed; the investigations have taken into account actual injector tip layouts and the response to the needle off-axis operating conditions. Results are presented highlighting the flow features within the nozzle and their reflects on the hole-to-hole differences.
The Influence of Actual Layout and Off-Axis Needle Stroke on Diesel Nozzle Flow Under Ballistic Needle Displacement
Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. Manuscript received June 26, 2013; final manuscript received July 9, 2013; published online September 6, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.
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Palmieri, F. (September 6, 2013). "The Influence of Actual Layout and Off-Axis Needle Stroke on Diesel Nozzle Flow Under Ballistic Needle Displacement." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2013; 135(10): 101502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024986
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