Diesel engine combustion and emission formation is highly nonlinear and thus creates a challenge related to engine diagnostics and engine control with emission feedback. This paper presents a novel methodology to address the challenge and develop virtual sensing models for engine exhaust emission. These models are capable of predicting transient emissions accurately and are computationally efficient for control and optimization studies. The emission models developed in this paper belong to the family of hierarchical models, namely the “neuro-fuzzy model tree.” The approach is based on divide-and-conquer strategy, i.e., to divide a complex problem into multiple simpler subproblems, which can then be identified using a simpler class of models. Advanced experimental setup incorporating a medium duty diesel engine is used to generate training data. Fast emission analyzers for soot and NOx provide instantaneous engine-out emissions. Finally, the engine-in-the-loop is used to validate the models for predicting transient particulate mass and NOx.

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