This paper presents a detailed experimental investigation of the influence of core flow swirl on the mixing and performance of a scaled turbofan mixer with 12 scalloped lobes. Measurements were made downstream of the mixer in a coaxial wind tunnel. The core-to-bypass velocity ratio was set to 2:1, temperature ratio to 1.0, and pressure ratio to 1.03, giving a Reynolds number of 5.2 × 105, based on the core flow velocity and equivalent diameter. In the core flow, the background turbulence intensity was raised to 5% and the swirl angle was varied from 0 deg to 30 deg with five vane geometries. At low swirl angles, additional streamwise vortices were generated by the deformation of normal vortices due to the scalloped lobes. With increased core swirl, greater than 10 deg, the additional streamwise vortices were generated mainly due to radial velocity deflection, rather than stretching and deformation of normal vortices. At high swirl angles, stronger streamwise vortices and rapid interaction between various vortices promoted downstream mixing. Mixing was enhanced with minimal pressure and thrust losses for the inlet swirl angles less than 10 deg. However, the reversed flow downstream of the center body was a dominant contributor to the loss of thrust at the maximum core flow swirl angle of 30 deg.

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