An energy-based fatigue lifing method for the determination of the full-life and critical-life of in-service structures subjected to axial isothermal-mechanical fatigue (IMF) has been developed. The foundation of this procedure is the energy-based axial room-temperature lifing model, which states: the total strain energy dissipated during both a quasi-static process and a dynamic (fatigue) process is the same material property. The axial IMF lifing framework is composed of the following entities: (1) the development of an axial IMF testing capability; (2) the creation of a testing procedure capable of assessing the strain energy dissipated during both a quasi-static process and a dynamic process at elevated temperatures; and (3) the incorporation of the effect of thermal loading into the axial fatigue lifing model. Both an axial IMF capability and a detailed testing procedure were created. The axial IMF capability was employed to produce full-life and critical-life predictions as functions of temperature, which were shown to have an excellent correlation with experimental fatigue data. For the highest operating temperature, the axial IMF full-life prediction was compared to lifing predictions made by both the universal slopes and the uniform material law prediction and was found to be more accurate at an elevated temperature.

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