In turbomachinery applications, the rotating turbine blades are subjected to high static and dynamic loads. The static loads are due to centrifugal stresses and thermal strains whereas the dynamic loads are caused by the fluctuating gas forces resulting in high vibration amplitudes, which can lead to high cycle fatigue failures. Hence, one of the main tasks in the design of turbomachinery blading is the reduction in the blade vibration amplitudes to avoid high dynamic stresses. Thus, coupling devices like underplatform dampers and tip shrouds are applied to the blading to reduce the vibration amplitudes and, therefore, the dynamic stresses by introducing nonlinear contact forces to the system. In order to predict the resulting vibration amplitudes, a reduced order model of a shrouded turbine blading is presented including a contact model to determine the nonlinear contact forces. To compute the forced response, the resulting nonlinear equations of motion are solved in the frequency domain using the multiharmonic balance method because of the high computational efficiency of this approach. The transformation from the time domain into the frequency domain is done by applying Galerkin’s method in combination with a multiharmonic approximation function for the unknown vibration response. This results in an algebraic system of nonlinear equations in the frequency domain, which has to be solved iteratively in order to compute the vibration response. The presented methodology is applied to the calculation of the forced response of a nonlinear coupled turbine blading in the frequency domain.
Multiharmonic Forced Response Analysis of a Turbine Blading Coupled by Nonlinear Contact Forces
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Siewert, C., Panning, L., Wallaschek, J., and Richter, C. (May 26, 2010). "Multiharmonic Forced Response Analysis of a Turbine Blading Coupled by Nonlinear Contact Forces." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. August 2010; 132(8): 082501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000266
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