A numerical study was carried out to understand the effect of CO enrichment on flame temperature and NO formation in counterflow /air diffusion flames. The results indicate that when CO is added to the fuel, both flame temperature and NO formation rate are changed due to the variations in adiabatic flame temperature, fuel Lewis number, and chemical reaction. At a low strain rate, the addition of carbon monoxide causes a monotonic decrease in flame temperature and peak NO concentration. However, NO emission index first slightly increases, and then decreases. At a moderate strain rate, the addition of CO has negligible effect on flame temperature and leads to a slight increase in both peak NO concentration and NO emission index, until the fraction of carbon monoxide reaches about 0.7. Then, with a further increase in the fraction of added carbon monoxide, all three quantities quickly decrease. At a high strain rate, the addition of carbon monoxide causes increase in flame temperature and NO formation rate, until a critical carbon monoxide fraction is reached. After the critical fraction, the further addition of carbon monoxide leads to decrease in both flame temperature and NO formation rate.
A Numerical Study on the Effect of CO Addition on Flame Temperature and NO Formation in Counterflow /Air Diffusion Flames
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Guo, H., and Neill, W. S. (May 30, 2008). "A Numerical Study on the Effect of CO Addition on Flame Temperature and NO Formation in Counterflow /Air Diffusion Flames." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. September 2008; 130(5): 054501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2906222
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