Predictions of breakup length of a liquid sheet emanating from a pressure-swirl (simplex) fuel atomizer have been carried out by computationally modeling the two-phase flow in the atomizer coupled with a nonlinear analysis of instability of the liquid sheet. The volume-of-fluid (VOF) method has been employed to study the flow field inside the pressure-swirl atomizer. A nonlinear instability model has been developed using a perturbation expansion technique with the initial amplitude of the disturbance as the perturbation parameter to determine the sheet instability and breakup. The results for sheet thickness and velocities from the internal flow solutions are used as input in the nonlinear instability model. Computational results for internal flow are validated by comparing film thickness at exit, spray angle, and discharge coefficient with available experimental data. The predictions of breakup length show a good agreement with semiempirical correlations and available experimental measurements. The effect of elevated ambient pressure on the atomizer internal flow field and sheet breakup is investigated. A decrease in air core diameter is obtained at higher ambient pressure due to increased liquid-air momentum transport. Shorter breakup lengths are obtained at elevated air pressure. The coupled internal flow simulation and sheet instability analysis provides a comprehensive approach to modeling sheet breakup from a pressure-swirl atomizer.
Nonlinear Breakup Model for a Liquid Sheet Emanating From a Pressure-Swirl Atomizer
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Ibrahim, A. A., and Jog, M. A. (January 30, 2007). "Nonlinear Breakup Model for a Liquid Sheet Emanating From a Pressure-Swirl Atomizer." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2007; 129(4): 945–953. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2747263
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