Metals and their alloys, except for a few intermetallics, are inherently ductile, i.e., plastic deformation precedes fracture in these materials. Therefore, resistance to fracture is directly related to the development of the plastic zone at the crack tip. Recent studies indicate that the fracture toughness of single crystals depends on the crystallographic orientation of the notch as well as the loading direction. In general, the dependence of crack propagation resistance on crystallographic orientation arises from the anisotropy of (i) elastic constants, (ii) plastic deformation (or slip), and (iii) the weakest fracture planes (e.g., cleavage planes). Because of the triaxial stress state at the notch tips, many slip systems that otherwise would not be activated during uniaxial testing become operational. The plastic zone formation in single crystals has been tackled theoretically by Rice and his co-workers [Rice, J. R., 1987, Mech. Mater. 6, pp. 317–335; Rice, J. R., and Saeedvafa, M., 1987, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 36, pp. 189–214; Saeedvafa, M., and Rice, J. R., 1988; ibid., 37, pp. 673–691; Rice, J. R., Hawk, D. E., Asaro, R. J., 1990, Int. J. Fract. 42, pp. 301–321; Saeedvafa, M., and Rice, J. R., 1992, Modell. Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 1, pp. 53–71] and only limited experimental work has been conducted in this area. The study of the stresses and strains in the vicinity of a fcc single-crystal notch tip is of relatively recent origin. We present experimental and numerical investigation of three-dimensional (3D) stress fields and evolution of slip sector boundaries near notches in fcc single-crystal PWA1480 tension test specimens and demonstrate that a 3D linear elastic finite element model, which includes the effect of material anisotropy, is shown to predict active slip planes and sectors accurately. The slip sector boundaries are shown to have complex curved shapes with several slip systems active simultaneously near the notch. Results are presented for surface and mid-plane of the specimens. The results demonstrate that accounting for 3D elastic anisotropy is very important for accurate prediction of slip activation near fcc single-crystal notches loaded in tension. Results from the study will help establish guidelines for fatigue damage near single-crystal notches.
Investigation of Three-Dimensional Stress Fields and Slip Systems for fcc Single-Crystal Superalloy Notched Specimens
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, June 13–17, 2004, Paper No. 2004-GT-53938. Manuscript received by IGTI, October 1, 2003; final revision, March 1, 2004. IGTI Review Chair: A. J. Strazisar.
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Arakere, N. K., Siddiqui, S., Magnan, S., Ebrahimi, F., and Forero, L. E. (June 24, 2005). "Investigation of Three-Dimensional Stress Fields and Slip Systems for fcc Single-Crystal Superalloy Notched Specimens ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. July 2005; 127(3): 629–637. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1850939
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