Preswirl nozzles are often used in gas turbines to deliver the cooling air to the turbine blades through receiver holes in a rotating disk. The distribution of the local Nusselt number, Nu, on the rotating disk is governed by three nondimensional fluid-dynamic parameters: preswirl ratio, rotational Reynolds number, and turbulent flow parameter, A scaled model of a gas turbine rotor–stator cavity, based on the geometry of current engine designs, has been used to create appropriate flow conditions. This paper describes how a thermochromic liquid crystal, in conjunction with a stroboscopic light and digital camera, is used in a transient experiment to obtain contour maps of Nu on the rotating disk. The thermal boundary conditions for the transient technique are such that an exponential-series solution to Fourier’s one-dimensional conduction equation is necessary. A method to assess the uncertainty in the measurements is discussed and these uncertainties are quantified. The experiments reveal that Nu on the rotating disk is axisymmetric except in the region of the receiver holes, where significant two-dimensional variations have been measured. At the higher coolant flow rates studied, there is a peak in heat transfer at the radius of the preswirl nozzles. The heat transfer is governed by two flow regimes: one dominated by inertial effects associated with the impinging jets from the preswirl nozzles, and another dominated by viscous effects at lower flow rates. The Nusselt number is observed to increase as either or increases.
Heat Transfer Measurements Using Liquid Crystals in a Preswirl Rotating-Disk System
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Atlanta, GA, June 16–19, 2003, Paper No. 2003-GT-38123. Manuscript received by IGTI, October 2002, final revision, March 2003. Associate Editor: H. R. Simmons.
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Lock , G. D., Yan, Y., Newton , P. J., Wilson , M., and Owen, J. M. (April 15, 2005). "Heat Transfer Measurements Using Liquid Crystals in a Preswirl Rotating-Disk System ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2005; 127(2): 375–382. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1787509
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