With the objective of performing reliable innovative gas turbine cycle calculations, a new procedure aimed at evaluating blade cooling performance is presented. This complete analytical (convective and film) blade cooling modeling provides the coolant mass flow and pressure loss estimation, and is a useful tool in the field of innovative gas turbine cycle analysis, mainly when alternative fluids are considered. In this case, in fact, the conventional semi-empirical data based on the use of air as traditional coolant and working media are no longer suitable. So the analytical approach represents a way of properly investigating alternative cooling methods and fluids. In the presented analysis the effects of internal blade geometry on cooling performance are summarized by the Z parameter, which also highly affects the coolant flow pressure losses. Since existing technology represents a natural starting point for the assessment of Z, the model is able to automatically estimate a proper value relying only on available semi-empirical data which were established for air-cooled gas turbine blades. When alternative fluids are considered, the same estimated value of Z is still maintained for the calculation, with the result of investigating the performance of existing blade technology for novel operational conditions. This represents an example of how the analytical approach, supported by conventional air-cooled blade semi-empirical data, appears as an innovative tool in the analysis of novel gas turbine cycles. In fact, the simulation results for the cooled blade were easily employed on the whole system level (gas turbine).
Analytical Blade Row Cooling Model for Innovative Gas Turbine Cycle Evaluations Supported by Semi-Empirical Air-Cooled Blade Data
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002; Paper No. 2002-GT-30519. Manuscript received by IGTI, Dec. 2001, final revision, Mar. 2002. Associate Editor: E. Benvenuti.
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Torbidoni, L., and Massardo, A. F. (August 11, 2004). "Analytical Blade Row Cooling Model for Innovative Gas Turbine Cycle Evaluations Supported by Semi-Empirical Air-Cooled Blade Data ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. July 2004; 126(3): 498–506. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1707030
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