The nutating engine is a new type of internal combustion engine with distinct advantages over conventional piston engines and gas turbines in small power ranges. The engine’s unique arrangement flexibility allows several alternative disk and shaft configurations, each selected for a different application. Variations in cycle temperature ratio and compression ratio during normal operation enable the engine to effectively become a variable-cycle engine, allowing significant flexibility for maximum efficiency or power or other optimizing function for on-ground stationary or for airborne applications. In its basic configuration the core of the engine is a nutating nonrotating disk, with the center of its hub mounted in the middle of a Z-shaped shaft. The two ends of the shaft rotate, while the disk “nutates,” performs a wobbling motion without rotating around its axis. The motion of the disk circumference prescribes a portion of a sphere. A portion of the area of the disk is used for intake and compression, a portion is used to seal against a center casing, and the remaining portion is used for expansion and exhaust. The compressed air is admitted to an external accumulator, and then into an external combustion chamber before it is admitted to the power side of the disk. A companion paper examines the performance potential of the one-disk engine. This paper examines alternative engine configurations. The external combustion chamber enables the engine to operate on a variable compression ratio cycle. In addition, separate disks of unequal size are used for intake and expansion, resulting in distinct and significant power, efficiency, fuel flexibility, and arrangement advantages over conventional piston engines, over gas turbines, and over the basic nutating-engine configuration. The performance of these arrangements is examined for: on-ground power, on-ground efficiency, (auxiliary power, automotive); and for small and light airframe applications for flight Mach numbers from 0 to 1 and altitudes from 0 to 20 km. This publication is the original presentation of the performance potential of several alternative configurations of the basic engine, such as multidisk arrangements, combustion and exhaust disks of different size, and variable-compression ratio (variable cycle) configurations.
Alternative Multinutating Disk Engine Configurations for Diverse Applications
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, June 4–7, 2001; Paper 2001-GT-0572. Manuscript received by IGTI, December 2000, final revision, March 2001. Associate Editor: R. Natole.
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Korakianitis, T., Meyer , L., Boruta, M., and McCormick, H. E. (August 11, 2004). "Alternative Multinutating Disk Engine Configurations for Diverse Applications ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. July 2004; 126(3): 482–488. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1688770
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