During the normal operation of rotor/magnetic bearing systems, contacts with auxiliary bearings or bushes are avoided. However, auxiliary bearings are required under abnormal conditions and in malfunction situations to prevent contact between the rotor and stator laminations. Studies in the open literature deal largely with rotor drop and the requirements of auxiliary bearings design parameters for safe rundown. Rotor drop occurs when the rotor is delevitated and no further means of magnetic bearing control is available. This paper considers the case when full control is still available and rotor/auxiliary bearing contact has been induced by an abnormal operating condition or a temporary fault. It is demonstrated that events leading to contact from a linearly stable rotor orbit can drive the rotor into a nonlinear vibratory motion involving persistent contacts. Furthermore, the phase of the measured vibration response may be changed to such an extent that synchronous controllers designed to minimize rotor vibration amplitudes will worsen the rotor response, resulting in higher contact forces. A modified controller design is proposed and demonstrated to be capable of returning a rotor from a contacting to a noncontacting state.
On the Control of Synchronous Vibration in Rotor/Magnetic Bearing Systems Involving Auxiliary Bearing Contact
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002; Paper No. 2002-GT-30292. Manuscript received by IGTI, December 2001, final revision, March 2002. Associate Editor: E. Benvenuti.
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Keogh , P. S., Cole , M. O. T., Sahinkaya , M. N., and Burrows, C. R. (June 7, 2004). "On the Control of Synchronous Vibration in Rotor/Magnetic Bearing Systems Involving Auxiliary Bearing Contact ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2004; 126(2): 366–372. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1689362
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